How does information exchange in biological objects take place? Is it possible to control these extremely complex systems from the outside at the cellular level? The answers to these questions can be provided by the research of experimenters and theorists, conducted in recent years in various laboratories.
Living organisms, from the simplest to the human body, are not isolated, but open systems that exchange matter, energy and information with the environment. According to L. von Bertalanffy’s definition, a living organism is not a conglomeration of individual elements, but a certain system that has organization and integrity, which is in constant change. At the same time, living systems are non-equilibrium, dissipative, self-structuring and self-organizing. The dominant philosophical problems related to living matter are the phenomenon of self-organization of matter and the nonlinearity of processes.
The processes of aging and the occurrence of chronic pathological conditions and diseases can be directly related to the loss of information by the body, which is necessary to build the correct control signal. The basis of self-regulation in a living organism is information exchange, the corresponding construction, transmission and perception of information control signals. In open systems, the cause of activity and self-movement is the deviation of the parameters of the object from the norm during its interaction with the external environment. It is thanks to the deviation that its reflection, information, feedback arises, which ultimately form the circuits of information circulation, forming functional systems. Studies have shown that the spatio-temporal structure of the external macroworld through a continuously repeating series of influences transformed into the chemical status of the molecular microworld of living beings, promoted the transformation of chemical structures into functional structures.
The answers to the questions about the possibilities and methods of external informational influence on biological objects and, in particular, on humans, lie in the correct understanding of the control mechanism as a specifically organized form of matter movement, the mechanism for implementing programs for the development and functioning of the human body, the process of information synthesis and the hierarchy of this process.
The main structural and functional unit of a living organism is a cell. All changes that are significant for a biological object begin and end at the cellular level, the cell is a universal complex, the initial and final stage of the implementation of all biological processes.
Thus, the endogenous information pool in a biological object is carried out using physical (electromagnetic and acoustic fields) and chemical (neurotransmitters) factors. The emergence of a nerve impulse in the process of evolution replaces control of the body directly (due to changes in the concentrations of direct products of the basic metabolism) for control based on universal compounds – neurotransmitters, abstracted from the primary functions of survival. Apparently, physical factors play a leading role in the control of the body due to the high accuracy, globality, and the colossal speed of establishing the relationship between biostructures in the process of exposure to excite them and synthesize information. Relatively recently, it was proved that, of physical factors, the main carrier of information both inside a biological object and between individual biological objects, including between people, is electromagnetic radiation (EMR). The very process of transmitting information is energetic, spatial and temporal. Being an open system, a living organism interacts informationally with electromagnetic fields and radiation external to the biosystem, exogenous influences are perceived by the organism and enter the circulation of the information field.
The possibility of using electromagnetic radiation, capable of creating a certain functioning algorithm in a biosystem, is based on the fact that electromagnetic radiation can directly bring information into the brain, bypassing the usual senses. Perception, transformation and utilization of the impact of an external physical factor is a very complex and multifaceted process. A targeted influence on this process is possible only when many factors are taken into account.
The physical channel of control and implementation of programs for the development and functioning of the human body is diverse and is represented by electric, electromagnetic, acoustic fields and polarization domains. At the level of the material basis, from an atom to a multicellular organism, in relation to the functioning of a biological object, the leading is electromagnetic interaction. The intensity of the interaction is determined by the electric charge. All processes in a biological object from the atomic-molecular level begin with a change in the magnitude of electric charges due to the fact that macromolecules are semiconductors or dielectrics, many of them are dipoles with the ability to form domains, and also due to the fact that the structures of macromolecules have the properties of liquid crystals … When the electrical status of macromolecules changes, these physical properties make it possible for them to generate electromagnetic and acoustic fields and waves. Nonlinearity of mechanical vibrations with increasing amplitude can lead to the excitation of excitons, which correspond to a certain energy level. Dissipation of energy from this level occurs through the emission of electromagnetic waves.
G. Fröhlich in 1977-1988 substantiated theoretically and obtained experimental evidence of the fact of production of alternating electromagnetic fields by living cells. He developed a general theory of coherent oscillations in biological systems. A.S. Davydov in 1986 described the excitement. delocalization and movement of electrons along peptide chains of protein molecules in the form of a solitary wave – a soliton, which complemented the model of G. Frohlich. These fundamental theories have expanded and deepened understanding of the idea of the code hierarchy of biosystems. It became clear that the endogenous fields of the body are automatically modulated by the structure of the biosystem and carry the corresponding information load.
The primary basis of the coding hierarchy of biological systems is the infrastructures of extracellular matrices, membranes and cell nuclei. All changes in a living organism are associated, first of all, with changes in these structures. DNA, ribosomes are the main informational biopolymers. Between them, in the epigenetic mode, information is exchanged through the physical channels of nonlinear electromagnetic oscillations. In addition, generators and acceptors of information waves inside biological objects are various liquid crystal structures and intracellular water with the ability to structure.
The rhythms of functioning of the structural elements of living matter are in the high-frequency range of 108-1015 Hz. This is probably due to the development of all life on Earth due to solar radiation, more precisely, that certain part of it that reaches the earth’s surface. The atmosphere of our planet allows only electromagnetic waves to reach the surface in two spectral ranges – in the optical spectrum (including near ultraviolet from 290 nm to the infrared range at 1500 nm) and in the radio frequency “window” through which electromagnetic radiation with wavelengths of 1 cm or more passes up to 50 m.
The approximate resonance frequencies of some structures of a living cell were experimentally determined, which fit into the range of 1010-1015 Hz. The given data completely coincide with the frequency characteristics of electromagnetic waves emitted by the Sun and reaching the Earth’s surface. At the same time, the working rhythms of the functional systems of the human body have a low-frequency range: 1.6-8.2 Hz. So, the rhythm of the electrical potential of the stomach and intestines is 3.8-4.6 Hz, the rhythm of respiration is 6.3-7.6 Hz, the rhythm of heart contractions is about 3.2 Hz, the rhythm of the electrical activity of the neuromuscular element is 2.6 -6.5 Hz, rhythms of control signals of the brain – 0.5-13 Hz. For optimal vital functions of the organism, the stability of the working rhythms of functional systems, their independence from external influences is necessary. These purposes are served by the dispersion of the electrical properties of the tissues of the human body, associated with the state of charged particles under the action of electromagnetic fields and radiation of various frequencies: the dynamics of electrical conductivity, tissue capacitance and plasmolemma impedance makes it possible to almost completely “screen” electromagnetic radiation of low frequencies (up to 103 Hz), which does not penetrate into cells and does not cause the movement of intracellular ions.
The principle of information impact is to achieve the required result when exposed to an external information factor, depending on the synchronization of the rhythms of the acting factor and the corresponding functional system or on the persistent effect of imposing a certain rhythm of the oscillatory process by the acting factor of a particular functional system of the human body with optimal energy parameters of this factor.
In the overwhelming majority of cases (often in 100%), the necessary amount of information is introduced into biological objects by means of electromagnetic radiation due to the modulation of the latter. Modulation – changes according to a certain law of the amplitude, frequency or phase of a harmonic oscillation to introduce the required information into the oscillatory process. Transmission of information using electromagnetic waves due to their modulation is possible only in the low-frequency range of these waves, corresponding to the frequency range of the functional systems of the body (from 1 Hz to 10 Hz).
Thus, the modulation frequency is the information frequency that carries the bulk of the relevant information.
The information frequencies of the influencing factor must be synchronized with the normal life support rhythms of the biological object’s functional systems. If other goals are pursued, it is required to impose a certain rhythm of the oscillatory process, taking into account the laws of synchronization. However, in both cases, the information frequencies are in the extremely ultra-low-frequency range (according to the international classification generally accepted in the field of telecommunications); in both cases, a complex modulated “sketching” of information frequencies is often required.